The passing of Queen Elizabeth II and King Charles’s ascension to the throne necessitate a number of administrative changes across our everyday lives. One area which will likely require significant focus is for companies or brands which have been awarded a Royal Warrant.

High profile holders of a Royal Warrant include Cadbury’s, Twining’s and Aston Martin. Below we will consider what a Royal Warrant is and the parallels that can be drawn between this and a certification mark and how the criteria for the award of Royal Warrants may change in the future.

What is a Royal Warrant?

A Royal Warrant is a mark of royal patronage that appoints entitles the holder to use the Royal Arms in connection with their business. The Royal Warrant itself acts as an indicator that the goods or services supplied are of a quality which is acceptable for the Royal Household. This symbol can be placed on the packaging, the goods themselves or the website, so that the companies can benefit from the association with the Royal Household. After the death of Queen Elizabeth II, the holders of a Royal Warrant will need to reapply, but it is generally understood that companies can continue to make use of Royal Arms for up to two years.

Marks that would be classed as Royal Warrants would fall within specially protected emblems s.4(1) of the Trade Marks Act 1994 (TMA). This part of the act prevents registrations of marks without consent which contain:

  • devices depicting the Royal arms;
  • representation of the Royal crown or any of the Royal flags;
  • representation of Her Majesty or any Member of the Royal Family; or
  • words/devices that are likely to lead persons to think that the applicant either has or recently has had Royal patronage or authorisation.

A Royal Warrant needs to be renewed every five years. It is also possible to lose the authority to use a Royal Warrant if the goods or services do not reach the required standard.

What is a Certification Mark?

A Certification Mark is a special type of trade mark which indicates that the goods and services in connection with which it is used meet certain objectively assessed standards or criteria. A Certification Mark is approved and registered by the Intellectual Property Office and is available to be used by any business who has demonstrated their goods and services meet the required certification standards. An example of a Certification Mark is the Red Tractor mark which is used in relation to a number of farm assurance schemes for food products, animal feed and fertilizer.

In contrast to a traditional trade mark, whose primary purpose is to enable customers to identify the name of the supplier of the goods, the purpose of a Certification Mark is to allow customers to be assured that the goods or services possess a certain characteristic regardless of the identity of the supplier.

Differences between a Royal Warrant and a Certification Mark

A Royal Warrant is closer to a Certification Mark than a trade mark because, the Royal Warrant is  applied to goods that do not originate from, and are not licensed for manufacture by, the Royal Family. However there are also a number of important differences between a Royal Warrant and a Certification Mark :

  • Certification Marks are applied for and registered at the UKIPO. In contrast the system of Royal warrants is administered by the Royal Household.;
  • Owners of Certification Marks have to publish their rules for qualifying to apply the Certification Mark, and any business who meets the criteria is entitled to use the Certification Mark. There is no limit on numbers. In contrast a Royal Warrant means the holder is a preferred supplier of that product or service to the Royal Household
  • Royal Warrant holders may not disclose details of the goods or services they provide except as described in the wording or legend beneath the Royal Arms, e.g. 'By Appointment to...’ ‘Suppliers of Stationery…’
  • The right to use a Certification Marks is generally granted to a business. In contrast the Royal Warrant is granted to a named individual within a company, known as the Grantee, who is responsible for the correct use of the relevant Royal Arms;
  • Users of Certification Marks may be required to pay a fee to have their goods tested and to be entitled to display the Certification Mark. There is no fee associated with a Royal Warrant.

There are approximately 850 Royal warrants, held by around 750 companies or individuals. In order to qualify, business must have supplied products or services to the Royal Household on a regular basis (not less than five years out of the past seven). Also, they are required to show that they have a sustainability action plan/policy. Royal Warrants are not granted for professional services such as. bankers, brokers or agents, solicitors, or to newspapers, magazines, journals, periodicals or similar publications

Role of The Royal Warrant in the future?

Historically businesses that hold a Royal Warrant will have been perceived as providing goods of the highest standard “fit for a king”. However with a change in Monarch, and an growing focus on sustainability, it will be interesting to note whether there will be an increased scrutiny of the environmental, social, and governance (ESG) credentials of suppliers in assessing their entitlement to hold the Monarch’s seal of approval in the form of a Royal Warrant.

Please feel free to contact our offices if you are interested to applying for a Certification Mark or have any queries relating to the trade mark registration process or in respect of brand protection in general.

This publication is intended for general guidance and represents our understanding of the relevant law and practice as at December 2022. Specific advice should be sought for specific cases. For more information see our terms and conditions.

Date published

13 December 2022



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